Wednesday, October 5, 2016

10 Orang Terkaya di Indonesia Saat ini

Kabar terbaru dari Situs forbes yang mengulas kekayaan orang-orang terkaya khususnya di Indonesia, dari 10 jajaran peringkat tertinggi kekayaan yang terkumpul mencapai US$52,6 Milliar atau setara dengan Rp 677 Triliun dengan kurs 13 ribu rupiah. Dari 10 orang terkaya di indonesia peringkat pertama masih dipegang oleh Robert Hartono yang memiliki total kekayaan sebanyak US$15.4 Milliar yang merupakan pemilik perusahaan rokok Djarum.

Sebagai perbandingan, Ng saudara-saudara dari Singapura yang atas bangsa US$ 12.8 miliar, bahkan tidak datang dekat dengan Hartonos'.

Untuk tidak mau kalah, konglomerat tembakau Ing Hwie Susilo membuatnya untuk kedua teratas US$ 8 miliar, dari tempat keempat tahun lalu. Harga saham perusahaan Ing Hwie di Gudang Garam telah meningkat hampir 60 persen sejak daftar sebelumnya dan ia telah diperoleh AS$ 2,7 miliar lebih sejak kenaikan saham.

Kepala Salim Group, Brooke Salim tetap orang ketiga terkaya di Indonesia, dengan kekayaan sebesar US$ 5,9 miliar. Konglomerat kepala mengawasi kelompok yang beroperasi makanan, telecom, ritel, properti dan unit perbankan. Kelompok usaha Salim grup ini juga identik dengan Indofood, produsen mie instan terbesar di dunia.

Minimum peningkatan kekayaan berarti bahwa beberapa taipan dari daftar sebelumnya telah beringsut keluar bersih. Salah satu adalah absensi terkenal Kiki Barki, kekayaan bersih yang turun setelah harga saham perusahaan batubara, Harum energi, jatuh.

Meskipun negara terkaya daftar, mayoritas kembali kualifikasi melihat kekayaan mereka jatuh atau mandek. Ini dapat dikaitkan dengan penurunan dalam mata uang rupiah dan batu bara dan industri minyak sawit yang menghadapi buruk kali sebagai komoditi harga slide.

Pada sisi terang, hal ini menarik untuk melihat wajah-wajah baru dengan peningkatan kekayaan bersih minimum. Angka yang paling terkenal adalah pemilik dari taksi Blue Bird, Purnomo Prawiro. Perusahaan taksi terdaftar pada bulan November dan Prawiro membuat daftar Forbes nomor 25 dengan kekayaan dari AS$ 1,3 miliar.

Bergabung dengan dia pada daftar adalah pendatang baru Husodo Angkosubroto dari konglomerat Gunung Sewu Group di 23 tempat dengan bersih senilai US$ 1.45 miliar, dan kayu baron Abdul Rasyid pada nomor 41 dengan kekayaan sebesar US$ 805 juta. Datang dekat di tempat 44 adalah pengusaha jamu, Irwan Hidayat yang bernilai US$ 660 juta.

Atas 10 terkaya di Indonesia adalah:

1) Budi & Michael Hartono; US$ 16.5 miliar

2) Susilo Ing Hwie; US$ 8 miliar

3) Salim Brooke; 5.9 milyar dolar A.S.

4) Eka Tjipta Widjaja; US$ 5,8 milyar

5) Sri Prakash Lohia; US$ 4,4 miliar

6) Chairul Tanjung; 4.3 milyar dolar A.S.

7) Setiawan Boenjamin; US$ 3.5 milyar

8) Mochtar Riady; AS$ 2,7 miliar

9) Peter Sondakh; US$ 2,3 milyar

10) Sukanto Tanoto; 2.11 milyar dolar A.S.

Friday, January 20, 2012


This disease mainly affects the elderly, pregnant women, newborns and adults with weakened immune systems. However, on rare occasions, people without risk factors may also be affected. The risk can be reduced to the recommendations for healthy food preparation, consumption and storage.

A memory of cheese have been reported in previous blogs extends Listeria according to Reuters. Last week, I realized alpine conversion listeriawas cut and cheese plant in Wisconsin. Now, a new company, LLC family farming Bekkum Westby, Wisconsin announced it was recalling some packages of 8 ounces goat dairy moody pieces Nordic.

The report states:

Cheese, with an expiration date March 12, 2012, sold in Wisconsin, Minnesota and California began November 11, according to a company statement. "Public safety is our primary concern Listeria in a situation like this," says Al Bekkum, a company spokesman.

No illness has been reported to date, but Brennan Cellars, the company and Cheese World Cheese Corp Miller also given shredded cheese products with respect to problems in the Alpine factory ediciones Mengiris.

Tuesday, September 27, 2011


Adelaide (play /ˈædəleɪd/[3]) is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of South Australia, and is the fifth-largest city in Australia. Adelaide has an estimated population of more than 1.28 million.[4] The adjectival form "Adelaidean" is used in reference to the city and its residents.[5] Adelaide is a coastal city situated on the eastern shores of Gulf St Vincent, on the Adelaide Plains, north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, between Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges.

The suburbs reach roughly 20 km (12 mi) from the coast to the foothills but sprawl 100 km (62 mi) from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south. Named in honour of Queen Adelaide, the German-born consort of King William IV, the city was founded in 1836 as the planned capital for a freely settled British province in Australia.[6] Colonel William Light, one of Adelaide's founding fathers, designed the city and chose its location close to the River Torrens in the area originally inhabited by the Kaurna people. Light's design set out Adelaide in a grid layout, interspaced by wide boulevards and large public squares, and entirely surrounded by parkland.

Early Adelaide was shaped by religious freedom and a commitment to political progressivism and civil liberties, which led to the moniker "City of Churches".[7] As South Australia's seat of government and commercial centre, Adelaide is the site of many governmental and financial institutions. Most of these are concentrated in the city centre along the cultural boulevard of North Terrace, King William Street and in various districts of the metropolitan area. Today, Adelaide is noted for its many festivals and sporting events, its food, wine and culture, its long beachfronts, and its large defence and manufacturing sectors. It ranks highly in terms of liveability, being listed in the Top 10 of The Economist's World's Most Liveable Cities index in 2010[8] and being ranked the most liveable city in Australia by the Property Council of Australia in 2011.[9]

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] ( listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated NSDAP, commonly referred to as the Nazi Party). He was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and head of state (as Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945. Hitler is most commonly associated with the rise of fascism in Europe, World War II and the Holocaust. A decorated veteran of World War I, Hitler joined the precursor of the Nazi Party (DAP) in 1919, and became leader of the NSDAP in 1921. In 1923, Hitler attempted a coup d'état, known as the Beer Hall Putsch, at the Bürgerbräukeller beer hall in Munich.

The failed coup resulted in Hitler's imprisonment, during which time he wrote his memoir, Mein Kampf (My Struggle). After his release in 1924, Hitler gained support by promoting Pan-Germanism, antisemitism and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and propaganda. He was appointed chancellor in 1933, and transformed the Weimar Republic into the Third Reich, a single-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of Nazism. Hitler's avowed aim was to establish a New Order of absolute Nazi German hegemony in continental Europe.

His foreign and domestic policies had the goal of seizing Lebensraum (living space) for the Germanic people. This included the rearmament of Germany, resulting in the invasion of Poland by the Wehrmacht in September 1939, leading to the outbreak of World War II in Europe.[2] Under Hitler's direction, German forces and their European allies at one point occupied most of Europe and North Africa, reversed in 1945 when the Allied armies defeated the German army. Hitler's racially motivated policies resulted in the systematic annihilation of as many as 17 million civilians,[3] including an estimated six million Jews targeted in the Holocaust and between 500,000 and 1,500,000 Roma.[4] In the final days of the war, during the Battle of Berlin in 1945, Hitler married his long-time mistress, Eva Braun. To avoid capture by the Red Army, the two committed suicide less than two days later on 30 April 1945 and their corpses were burned.[5]

Friday, August 26, 2011


Abortion is technically defined as the termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo before fetal viability; however, the term may be defined more broadly to include any termination of pregnancy before birth.[disputed – discuss][note 1] An abortion can occur spontaneously, in which case it is usually called a miscarriage, or it can be purposely induced. The term abortion most commonly refers to the induced abortion of a human rather than non-human pregnancy.

Abortion, when induced in the developed world in jurisdictions where the procedure is legal, is among the safest procedures in medicine.[1] However, unsafe abortions (those performed by persons without proper training or outside of a medical environment) result in approximately 70 thousand maternal deaths and 5 million disabilities per year globally.[2] An estimated 42 million abortions are performed globally each year, with 20 million of those performed unsafely.[2] Forty percent of the world's women are able to access therapeutic and elective abortions within gestational limits.[3]

Induced abortion has a long history and has been facilitated by various methods including herbal abortifacients, the use of sharpened tools, physical trauma, and other traditional methods. Contemporary medicine utilizes medications and surgical procedures to induce abortion. The legality, prevalence, cultural status, and religious status of abortion vary substantially around the world. In many parts of the world there is prominent and divisive public controversy over the ethical and legal issues of abortion. Abortion and abortion-related issues feature prominently in the national politics in many nations, often involving the opposing pro-life and pro-choice worldwide social movements (both self-named). The incidence of abortion has declined worldwide as access to family planning education and contraceptive services has increased.[4]

Tuesday, August 23, 2011


Abolitionism is a movement to end slavery.

In western Europe and the Americas abolitionism was a movement to end the slave trade and set slaves free. At the behest of Dominican priest Bartolomé de las Casas who was shocked at the treatment of natives in the New World, Spain enacted the first European law abolishing colonial slavery in 1542, although it was not to last (to 1545). In the 17th century, Quaker and evangelical religious groups condemned it as un-Christian; in the 18th century, rationalist thinkers of the Enlightenment criticized it for violating the rights of man. Though anti-slavery sentiments were widespread by the late 18th century, they had little immediate effect on the centers of slavery: the West Indies, South America, and the Southern United States. The Somersett's case in 1772 that emancipated slaves in England, helped launch the movement to abolish slavery. Pennsylvania passed An Act for the Gradual Abolition of Slavery in 1780. Britain banned the importation of African slaves in its colonies in 1807, and the United States followed in 1808. Britain abolished slavery throughout the British Empire with the Slavery Abolition Act 1833, the French colonies abolished it 15 years later, while slavery in the United States was abolished in 1865 with the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

Abolitionism in the West was preceded by the New Laws of the Indies in 1542, in which Emperor Charles V declared free all Native American slaves, abolishing slavery of these races, and declaring them citizens of the Empire with full rights. The move was inspired by writings of the Spanish monk Bartolomé de las Casas and the School of Salamanca. Spanish settlers replaced the Native American slaves with enslaved laborers brought from Africa and thus did not abolish slavery.

In Eastern Europe, abolitionism has played out in movements to end the enslavement of the Roma in Wallachia and Moldavia and to emancipate the serfs in Russia ( Emancipation reform of 1861 ).

In East Asia, abolitionism was evidenced in, for instance, the writings of Yu Hyongwon, a 17th-century Korean Confucian scholar who wrote extensively against slave-holding in 17th-century Korea.

Today, child and adult slavery and forced labour are illegal in most countries, as well as being against international law.