Saturday, June 6, 2009


Kashmiri political leader, who fought unsuccessfully for the independence of Kashmir. Born in Soura, he became politically active while still a student at Lahore University. When the Indian subcontinent was partitioned in 1947 without provision for the future of the frontier vale of Kashmir, Abdullah was informally recognized as prime minister by both India and Pakistan. But, following an Indo-Pakistani cease-fire agreement in 1949 to partition Kashmir, he leaned increasingly toward independence from India. Deposed in 1953 by India, he spent 17 years in jail, under house arrest or in exile. In 1975 he finally bowed to the formal merger of India's two thirds of Kashmir with India and was named chief minister of the semiautonomous Indian state of Kashmir.

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